Social Justice Education in Italy: A Qualitative Study of Migrant Students from a Capability Approach Perspective

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Da Encyclopaideia n° 34, 2012, Anno XVI.

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Abstract

Social Justice Education in Italy: A Qualitative Study of Migrant Students from a Capability Approach Perspective

Luca Ghirotto - Università di Trento

La presenza di studenti stranieri nelle scuole italiane è un fenomeno in costante crescita. A partire dalla presa di consapevolezza di questo fenomeno, l’articolo vuole indagare la garanzia del diritto all’educazione per gli studenti stranieri, partendo dall’introduzione di un approccio teorico particolare: l’approccio delle capacità di Amartya Sen (1992, 1999, 2009) e Martha Nussbaum (1997; 2002, 2003a; 2003b) e discutendo i risultati di una ricerca qualitativa sui processi di accoglienza degli studenti stranieri nella scuola italiana, condotta attraverso il metodo della Grounded Theory. L’intento della ricerca qualitativa qui presentata si situa in risposta a queste domande: che cosa succede nella scuola italiana quando arriva uno studente straniero anche in corso d’anno? Si garantisce il diritto all’educazione? In che termini?

Parole chiave: Social Justice Education – Approccio delle Capacità – Grounded Theory – Studenti Stranieri – Diritto all’Educazione

English Abstract

Education is both a basic social right and inherent to the “right” personal development. Here, the case of migrant students attending Italian schools serves as an example of how education is a critical right. The migrant students discussed here do not have the same starting point as Italian students; the issue of language is central to their unequal starting points. This calls into question the issue of social justice in terms of one’s capabilities. Amartya Sen’s theory of a person’s capability the “freedom to achieve” is an issue of social justice (“Capability Approach”) that maximizes the meaning of the social right to education. The article discusses the results of a qualitative project that used Grounded Theory to illustrate how the process of welcoming and giving access to migrant students in Italian schools is an example of Capability Approach and Social Justice Education.
 
Keywords: Social Justice Education – Capability Approach – Grounded Theory – Migrant Students – Education Right

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